Landscape architecture is the study and practice of designing an outdoor environment including elements of art, and environment. It is a profession that is often misunderstood as gardening or design but it is much wider than that, including anything outside of the building such as lawn and landscape, urban environment, water features, and also streetscapes. Landscape architecture requires a proper knowledge of construction that overlaps with the fields of architecture, engineering, botany, horticulture, and more.
Landscaping in Ancient Times
To understand the concepts of the present-day landscape architecture we need to look back in time. For example, the gardens of ancient Egypt reflected climatic and religious influences. While the Japanese took inspiration from nature and included meaningful stones and flora with characteristic fences. Post-revolutionary gardens of France had the features of cross-connecting avenues, display of statues, and fountains. In modern times, such gardens and outdoors areas are ubiquitous and valued and need to be taken care of by commercial lawn services.
What Are the Factors Needed for Successful Landscape Architecture
There are several characteristic elements found across all landscape architecture. These are scale, unity, proportion, contrast, colour, and emphasis.
- Scale: The term ‘scale’ is used to describe the size of the parts of a building or design. The scale may be larger in public and important landscapes than in domestic landscapes. In any design, scale can be used effectively to create interest.
- Unity: Any landscape design must have unity, that is, the different parts of the design must be united and should express the whole purpose in a harmonious composition.
- Proportion: Proportion is closely allied to scale. A landscape design whose proportions are pleasing at an intimate scale must also look good on a large monumental scale.
- Colour: Colour plays an important role in this field. The colour of the landscape must be in co-ordination with the colour of the building or structure that is to be made. Any water bodies that are important features and any river rock landscaping should be in unity with the colours of the landscape around them.
- Contrast: Contrast can occur in form, size, colour, or texture. A common contrast is light against dark. For example, dark foliage against a light building.
What Does a Landscape Architect Do?
A landscape architect takes on different projects that can include parks, golf courses, regional recreation, institutional, and industrial projects. At first, they survey the area where they have to work, including any existing buildings. Then a model, which is very detailed and includes all the necessary components like trees, water bodies, buildings, etc., is made
Landscape architects often work with engineers, botanists, and other professionals. They also often work on the conservation and restoration of land. The softscape of landscape architecture includes plants, trees, and horticultural elements. Whereas, the hardscape features are the manmade objects as paving, walkways, and walls. They can also be hired to landscape around homes and gardens. Once gardens have been landscaped, they need to be taken care of properly and for that you should contact garden maintenance professionals to ensure it is done properly.
The main object of landscape architecture is to achieve utility and beauty through the fullest use of outdoor space. It not only adds comfort and shade but at the same time is practical and functional. It is an amalgamation of science and art. As we move more into the future, sustainability and energy efficiency are much desirable and landscape architecture is one of the keys to fulfilling that.